What is the difference between criminology and criminal justice? • LegalScoops
Criminology and criminal justice may sound similar. However, they are different.
So, if you are planning to advance your academic knowledge and qualify for a law enforcement career, you should know the differences between criminology and criminal justice!
To build a career in criminal justice or law enforcement, you should have a degree in at least one of these fields. In this article, I’ll explain the differences between the two and help you determine which is the better choice for you, so let’s get started.
What is criminology
Criminology studies human behavior related to crime and criminal behavior. It is a social science closely related to sociology and psychology, and teaches how to recognize and pinpoint the “how,” “why,” “when,” and “where” of different types of crime.
People who choose this career path use their specialized studies to develop different strategies and methods to observe and prevent crime.
Criminology has subfields and professions you can choose from, including forensic psychology and criminal profiling, among many other respectable professions.
If you are passionate about criminology, you can become a DEA agent, ATF agent, INS agent, investigator, victim advocate, Homeland Security agent, CIA agent, or corporate security specialist.
What is criminal justice
Criminal justice refers to both the study and enforcement of criminology. Put more simply, it is responsible for applying the solution that criminologists provide and is directly involved in the crimes.
As a criminal justice student, you will learn all about the internal workings of the judiciary and law enforcement systems. You will learn about the origin of their structures and their role in today’s society.
Additionally, criminal justice students should prepare to participate in various agencies and infrastructures involved in dealing with crime and enforcing the law.
If you think you will do well in this field, there are several career paths to choose from. For example, criminal justice professionals work as police officers, correctional officers, detectives, or wardens.
It all depends on your personal preferences.
What is the difference between criminology and criminal justice?
People unfamiliar with the justice system often confuse criminology and criminal justice. Although the two fields appear and sound the same, they are different.
However, the careers of both reasons sometimes overlap. Let’s take a detective for example. You can work in the criminal justice system and be a criminologist at the same time.
The two main differences between criminology and criminal justice
It’s important to understand the differences between criminal justice and criminology in order to make a better decision in choosing what’s best for you. Now let’s look at the main differences between these two fields.
- Criminology studies the psychological and sociological aspects of people who commit crimes. In other words, people who investigate crime are trying to figure out why criminals do what they do. In contrast, criminal justice describes the internal workings and delves deep into the law enforcement system.
- criminologists may work, among other things, as an analyst or investigator in the criminal justice system. Criminal justice program graduateson the other hand, will usually build a career in law enforcement.
How to make the right choice
If you can’t decide which way to go, don’t worry!
You don’t have to make this difficult choice, because some courses offer a mixture of both areas. So you don’t necessarily have to study criminology or criminal justice, but a combination of both.
The programs these blends offer typically cover key law enforcement skills and practices, as well as theory and background that criminal justice majors need to become professionals, while also exploring criminology.
As a passionate and dedicated student, you can dive into a deep sea of careers after completing one of these blended courses.
Overall, the key difference between these two fields lies in the actions of each reason. In summary, criminology studies crimes and the minds of criminals, while criminal justice studies the system in which those who committed crimes must be punished.
After all, criminologists don’t always focus on isolated cases. Instead, they analyze many crimes at once to identify patterns and research similarities.
Legal Scoops Editor-in-Chief Jacob Maslow has founded several online newspapers, including the Daily Forex Report and the Conservative Free Press